Burnet Saxifrage

 

PIMPINELLA SAXIFRAGA


COMMON NaME  :  Burnet saxifrage, lesser burnet, salad burnet

FAMILY   :         Apiaceae


HABIT / GROWING:

Native plant growing in pastures in chalk downs. Slender umbellifer up to 70cm tall with white or pinkish flowers.


PARTS USED  :  Root and herb


TRADITIONAL & MODERN USE:

Once used a great deal more than now, Pliny recommended a decoction of it with honey for many different ailments. In Gerard's time it was thought to ward off infection including Plague and also used to heal wounds of all types, both internal and external, and treat gout and rheumatism. Enjoyed by sheep and aromatic when crushed underfoot.


Modern use seems more restricted with its aromatic carminative and stimulant actions. It is used to treat flatulence, stomach upsets and lack of gastric motility, lung problems and, externally, varicose veins.


CONSTITUENTS:

·        volatile oil

·        coumarins

·        caffeic acid

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