Dead Nettle

 


LAMIUM ALBUM & LAMIUM PURPUREUM

COMMON NAME : white & red deadnettles

FAMILY  :        Lamiaceae  (Mint family)


HABIT / GROWING:

Both indigenous plants commonly found on waysides. Square hollow stems and non-stinging leaves distinguish from unrelated Urtica spp the stinging nettles.


PARTS USED :         herb (& flowers)


TRADITIONAL & MODERN USE:

L. album is the one most used although L. purpureum is the one grown at Pitmedden. Both were used internally or externally to staunch haemorrhage and internally to promote perspiration and kidney function. Now mainly the first is used for its haemostatic, diuretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic and vulnerary properties for a range of menstrual problems (heavy periods, painful periods, vaginal discharge) as well as catarrh, cystitis, diarrhoea, IBS and even prostatitis.


CONSTITUENTS:

·        Saponins

·         Tannins

·        flavonoids