Feverfew

 

LATIN NAME :           Tanacetum parthenium

COMMON NAME :     Feverfew

FAMILY:                    Asteraceae  (Daisy family)


HABITAT / GROWING :  Perennial native. Flowers June – August. Particularly disliked by bees


PARTS USED :  Aerial parts


TRADITIONAL & MODERN USE:

Used to treat migraines and fevers. Women’s herb for painful periods and difficult childbirth. Internally and externally for painful muscles and joints. Used in insecticides. Cold infusion was used as a tonic, particularly for those who had “taken opium too liberally”. Used to be planted around dwellings to purify the atmosphere and ward off disease.


Today used as a prophylactic for migraine. Most effective on migraines relieved by heat. Can be used to treat colds, flu, fevers and digestive problems. Still used to treat painful periods and congestion. A relaxant remedy which also clears mucus and heat. It relieves pain and inflammation in arthritis. The hot infusion increases perspiration and reduces fevers.


Believed to inhibit production of inflammatory prostaglandins and arachidonic acid release. It also inhibits secretion of serotonin from platelet granules (serotonin is implicated in migraine) and proteins from polymorphonuclear leucocytes (increased in rheumatoid arthritis). It also inhibits platelet aggregation in the bloodstream, thus having a a blood-thinning action.


MAIN CONSTITUENTS:

·        Main active constituent – sesquiterpene lactones, mainly parthenolide.

·        Volatile oil contains camphor in the volatile oil

·        Pyrethrin.