Greater Celandine

 

CHELIDONIUM MAJUS

COMMON NAME : Greater Celandine

FAMILY :        Papaveraceae   (Poppy family)


HABITAT / GROWING :

Evergreen perennial, indigenous to Europe.


PARTS USED :  Aerial parts


TRADITIONAL & MODERN USE:

The name is believed to come from the Greek “Khelidon” meaning swallow since the flowers coincide with the

bird’s return. It is also said that the birds apply it to the eyes of their young to help them to see.Traditionally

used as a wash to treat eye infections. Because of its yellow / orange sap it was used to treat biliary complaints, jaundice, liver congestion. The sap can be applied topically to treat warts, corns, ringworm and verrucae.


Modern use is as a liver and gallbladder remedy. It is antispasmodic and stimulates bile flow. Used to treat

gallstones, jaundice and inflammation of the liver and gallbladder. The liver and gallbladder meridian begins at

the eyes therefore the eyes are always an indication of liver and gallbladder dysfunction. Used to treat opthalmia  and conjunctivitis.


Also used to treat angina. Its antispasmodic action also affects the bronchi and intestines.


CONSTITUENTS:

·        Isoquinoline alkaloids including chelidonine. Chelidonine reduces the contractility of smooth muscle.

         It slows the pulse and lowers the blood pressure. It is antispasmodic.\\